HPP 201 July 2018: Comparison of In-Person and Online Motivational Interviewing-Based Health Coaching



Health coaching is a common approach for promoting
lifestyle changes, but little is known about the effectiveness
of different delivery methods. The purpose of this
study was to evaluate the effectiveness of in-person
versus online health coaching when used as part of a
facilitated behavior change program. To increase translatability,
the study used a naturalistic design that
enabled participants to self-select the coaching delivery
method (Group) as well as the target behavior (diet,
physical activity, or weight management). Regardless of
group, participants were provided with a behaviorbased
monitoring device and guided to use it by the
health coach. A sample of 92 adults participated and
86 completed pre–post evaluations to assess behavior
change strategies and posttest outcome measurements
for their specific goal. Two-way (Group × Time) analyses
of variance were used to evaluate changes in behavioral
strategies. Intent-to-treat regression analyses were
used to compare postintervention outcomes for groups.
The in-person group had significantly higher Healthy
Eating Index scores than the online group (p < .05), but
nonsignificant group differences were observed for
those targeting physical activity or weight change (p >
.05). The results support the use of health coaching for
promoting behavior change and suggest that online
coaching may be equally effective as in-person methods.

Continuing Education

2.0 CHES, 2.0 CPH, 2.0 Entry-level CECH
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Price: $72.00